Know the Normal Breathing Rate for Your kid’s Age to Detect Abnormality

Breathing related illnesses often crop up during childhood. One of the signs is fast breathing. So, kids should be watched closely for fast breathing as this can be an initial symptom of lung infection. This holds true particularly for kids below three years of age, as such illness can be hard on them. Therefore, knowledge of what counts as healthy breathing is essential. This article discusses the normal breathing rate for kids of different age groups, tells you when to see the doctor, lets you know what can be the underlying diseases, and how to detect irregular breathing patterns in kids.

Normal Breathing Rate for Kids
You should check your kid’s breathing rate when he is at rest. Here is a chart that tells you the normal breathing rate for their age.

  • Up to 6 months – 30 to 60 breaths per minute
  • 6 to 12 months – 24 to 30 breaths per minute
  • 1 to 5 years – 20 to 30 breaths per minute
  • 6 to 12 years – 12 to 20 breaths per minute
  • 12 years and above – 12 to 20 breaths per minute

You can find out the number of breaths your child is taking per minute by counting the number of times his chest rises in a complete minute (60 seconds). If his breathing rate is below or above the normal rate, it may be an indication of something wrong.

What to do if your child’s breathing rate is faster than normal?

Call your state’s medical emergency if your toddler or baby is-
-Below 1 year old and breaths more than 60 times per minute.
-1 to 5 years old and breaths more than 30 breaths per minute.
If your kid is older than that, call the physician in case he breaths faster after ordinary activities or exercise. And, if his fast breathing is recurring, you need to check with your physician.

Of what can quick breathing be a symptom of?

Quick breathing can be a symptom of the following diseases.

Bronchiolitis: Bronchiolitis is lung infection which affects kids who are less than 2 years of age. This affects kids during early spring or winter. The infection narrows the airway inside the lungs, making it difficult for them to breathe. Other associated symptoms of bronchiolitis include slight fever, cough, runny nose, loss of appetite, and wheezing. Initially, it may appear like a cold, but then the virus spreads into the lungs and causes bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
Asthma: Kids with asthma generally display the initial signs of it only when they are 5 years old. Other than rapid breathing, wheezing or coughing may be present.
Pneumonia: Following a cold or flu, your kid may get pneumonia from a bacteria or a virus. Pneumonia infection can exhibit other symptoms including coughing, wheezing, and breathing difficulty. The more vulnerable sector is kids below two years of age. If your kid displays symptoms of Pneumonia, you should see a physician.

Is your kid breathing in an irregular manner?

It is normal for a kid to cease breathing for 5 or 10 seconds, and then get back to the normal breathing pattern on his own. But if the duration of stopping of breathing is beyond 10 seconds, the kid will turn blue. In such cases, you should call your medical emergency number.

In case your kid’s breathing pauses while he is sleeping, it may be due to sleep apnea, which affects kids in the age group between 2 and 8 years. Sleep apnea is accompanied by other symptoms like snoring too.

Final words……

Breathing problems are not uncommon in kids, particularly if they attend day care or have siblings at home. Usually they get up to 12 infections per year, with each one taking about a fortnight to cure. Further, since diverse conditions display similar symptoms, it may be difficult for you to point out the issue which your kid is facing. So, it is good to consider a physician.

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