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Ocular Flutter as The First Sign of a Breast Carcinoma

Article Abstract Introduction: Ocular flutter is a rare ophthalmic finding and can be the presenting sign of potentially serious disease. The most common etiology is a paraneoplastic disorder and therefore, a workup for a malignancy should always be initiated. Case Report: We present a case of a 48-year-old female who presented with a two-month history of progressive anorexia, wasting, vomiting and vertigo and recently associated …

The Plasma Membrane and the Cytoskeleton: A Gateway to Cells for Pathogens or New Targets with Therapeutic Potential?

Article Preview In the last century, several contributions were made on the organization and structure of the basic components of the cell, such as the plasma membrane. The fluid mosaic model proposed that the lipid bilayer functioned as a two-dimensional solvent, of neutral character and with little influence on the function of membrane proteins . However, we now know that the plasma membrane contains a …

Pre-Hospital Use Of High-Frequency QRS Analysis In Healthy Volunteers And Patients With Symptoms Of Coronary Artery Disease In Acute Care Settings

Article Abstract Aims: This study was performed to compare the difference in the incidence of abnormal high frequency QRS (HF-QRS) 12-lead finding and standard ECG ST-T segment changes, as an indicator of myocardial ischemia, between patients admitted to the accident and emergency (A&E) department for ischemic heart symptoms and a control group consisting of A&E departmental employees. Methods: The study group consisted of 24 patients …

Comparative Study Of Two Automated Pre-Transfusion Testing Systems (Microplate And Gel Column Methods) With Standard Tube Technique

Article Abstract Aims: Clinically significant antibodies may become undetectable and still provoke transfusion reactions. Hemolysis has been reported among transfusion recipients with anti-Kidd that was undetectable by gel column but detectable by other methods. Methods: We compared two automated technologies – microplate (MP) and gel column (GC) methods – with manual methods in ABO/RhD typing, irregular antibody screening, identification, titration, and detection threshold of mixed-field …

A Rare Case Of Large Fetal Intracranial Tumor: Teratoma

Article Abstract Introduction: Fetal intracranial tumors represent only 10% of all antenatal tumors; teratoma being the most common accounting for approximately half of all reported cases followed by astrocytoma, lipoma, choroid plexus papilloma, craniopharyngioma, and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Usually these tumors clinically manifest in the third trimester of pregnancy, which otherwise nowadays often recognized earlier in pregnancy by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Majority of …

Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor (Supar) Is Prospective Biomarker To Evaluate Treatment Progress In Children With Pulmonary Tuberculosis During Maintenance Phase

Article Abstract Aims: Childhood pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is still a major problem in developing countries. One of the difficulty in TB management is lack of biomarkers to evaluate treatment response.This study aimed to investigate the role of plasma soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) as a biomarker to evaluate response to anti tuberculosis treatment in children with pulmonary TB. Methods: Twenty five children aged 2–10 …

Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Malaria In Selected Communities In Benue State, North Central Nigeria: A Silent Threat To The National Elimination Goal

Article Abstract Aims: The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic malaria in six of our study communities. A cross sectional survey of 272 apparently healthy symptomless children and adults age 18 months to 55 and above were included in the survey. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), conventional microscopic examination of blood stained films as well as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) …

Prophylactic Effect Of Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy In Patients With High Risk Of Developing Peritoneal Carcinomatosis From Colorectal Cancer

Article Abstract Aims: Hyperthermic intrapritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) seems to be a promising solution against development of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) complicating some cases of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to report the prophylactic effect of HIPEC against PC after radical resection of CRC. Methods: This prospective randomized comparative study included patients who presented to the Surgery Department of Zagazig University Hospitals with …