Biomedical Research Category Archives

Supporting Kids and Youth with Brain Injuries to Smoothly Transit Back to Academic Settings

Worldwide, there is an increasing number of children with acquired brain injury (ABI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the US alone, annually some 700,000 children in the age group below 19 years sustain TBI requiring emergency treatment or hospitalization. Both ABI and TBI affect every facet of the child’s functioning including social, behavioral and cognitive. These children face noticeable challenges while transitioning back to …

Small Rises in Temperature Helps Body Fight Tumors and Infections Better

A multidisciplinary team of biologists and mathematicians from the Universities of Warwick and Manchester has found that small rises in the body temperature speeds up a key defense system that fights infections, wounds and tumors. VIA The researchers discovered that ‘Nuclear Factor kappa B’ (NF-κB) proteins get activated by inflammatory signals. These activated proteins make a cellular clock to go ticking, whereby NF-κB proteins start …

Combining Immune Therapy and Chemotherapy for the Effective Treatment of Lung Cancer

The leading cause of death worldwide is lung cancer, causing 1.7 million deaths annually. Chemotherapy, which is widely used to treat it, has its own limitations. It cannot heal, but just add a few months to the patient’s life. VIA A major study has now found that the odds of their survival could improve greatly if chemotherapy is given along with immune therapy. In immune …

A Traumatic Brain Injury Can Increase Your Risk of Parkinson’s Disease

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when an external force such as a blow injures the brain. This affects the functioning of your brain. TBI can be mild to severe, and its resulting effects may be various including confusion and/or loss of consciousness, difficulty thinking, disorientation, irritability, headache, memory problems, coordination problems, frustration, mood swings and attention deficits. VIA A new neurological study has found that …

Adverse Effects of Sleep Deprivation in Kids, and Ways to Help Your Kids Get Adequate Sleep

Sleep is a vital factor for good health. Sleep deprivation can cause serious concerns in adults, adolescents and children. The risk is higher for adolescents and children, as at this age proper sleep is important for their optimal growth and development. However, a recent research found that most middle and high scholars are significantly sleep deprived. VIA Health effects of sleep deprivation in adolescents and …

Ten Symptoms Exhibited by Depression Patients

Depression is a severe medical illness. WHO says that 350 million people worldwide are affected by it. Since ups and downs in mood are a part of our life, many do not know what qualifies as clinical depression. Here are 10 symptoms to help you recognize this condition. 1.  Depressive Mood: Major depression is characterized by persistent emotional distress, extreme blankness and intense sadness. However, …

10 Myths Surrounding the Intake of Tea Debunked

Though tea is a healthy drink, numerous myths surrounding its intake exist. Ten of those are busted below. Myth 1: Black Tea with no Additives Should be Taken for Best Health Benefits- No, additives do not alter the antioxidant level in your tea. So, you can add milk, honey or lime to it. VIA Myth 2: Herbal Tea is Best for Combating Anxiety- Yes. But, herbal tea …

Three Simple Science-Based Steps to Lose Weight Fast

Often weight loss programs have emerged to help people lose their body weight fast. But the problem with most of these are, they leave you unsatisfied and hungry that you tend to quickly give up on these plans. The new 3-step weight loss plan detailed in this article will help you lose weight without leaving you hungry. VIA 1. Lower your sugar and starch intake: …

How to Get Enough Vitamin D For Your Body During The Colder Months?

Vitamin D is important for bone health. This vitamin is synthesized in your body when it gets exposed to the sun’s rays. A rough estimate says that, ten minutes a day sun’s exposure to ten percent of your body’s surface area is enough to provide your body with enough vitamin D. There are several factors interfering this. VIA For instances, people with darker skin need …

The Pros and Cons of Allowing Babies to Feed Themselves

Once babies discover that they can feed themselves, they want to do so. Parents often discourage this. However, over the last few years, some people have begun questioning if this is right. A study in New Zealand has found an answer to this. VIA They recruited pregnant women and randomly assigned them to one of two groups. Both the groups received standard midwifery and child …

Regular Exercise Strengthens the Communication Between Brain Cells

Recalling of experience are extremely complex processes that need good communication between the brain cells. The connections between neurons, referred to as synapses, are made up of chemical and electrical signals that pass on from cell to cell. These signals can flow with frequency and vigor or be irregular and weak. Previous research found that stress weakens the synapses. VIA In the current study, the …

Paper Strip Test- A New, Easy and Convenient Method to Diagnose Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is usually diagnosed using chest X-rays, which need costly, huge equipment or phlegm sample culture, which would be time consuming. Such tests are beyond the reach of people in remote areas in resource-limited countries. Healthcare workers in these places resort to a simple TB tests which works like a home pregnancy test. It diagnoses TB by detecting the presence of a biomarker called LAM …

The Mechanism Behind Potassium’s Role in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases

Potassium is a mineral nutrient which is very much needed for one’s good health. Your daily diet can provide you with sufficient amount of potassium, but sometimes an increased need for this nutrient can create insufficiency. This condition arises due to the intake of certain medications or higher amount of sodium. Previous researches have shown that increasing one’s intake of potassium can lower his or …

Hydrogel Burn Dressing – A New and Painless Solution for Treating Second-Degree Burns

Patients with second-degree burns experience immense pain daily during the long hours of re-bandaging. The pain is even more severe in case of third degree burns where nerves are burnt away. A revolutionary solution has been brought to this by Boston University’s Grinstaff Group, a team of postdoctoral and PhD students pursuing biomedical engineering, mechanical engineering, pharmacology and chemistry. VIA They have developed the hydrogel …

Coupling DNA Cages and Light Beams for Targeted Delivery of Smaller Doses of Drugs

Taking high doses of drugs can affect unintended organs or tissues and lead to toxic side effects. But, getting smaller doses of drugs to go exactly where you intend them inside the human body is a real difficult thing. Researchers have been working for a long time to solve this issue. VIA Often drugs are big molecules with different locations on their surfaces which allow …

The Mechanism Behind Potassium’s Role in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases

Potassium is a mineral nutrient which is very much needed for one’s good health. Your daily diet can provide you with sufficient amount of potassium, but sometimes an increased need for this nutrient can create insufficiency. This condition arises due to the intake of certain medications or higher amount of sodium. VIA Previous researches have shown that increasing one’s intake of potassium can lower his …

Acid Reflux Medications can Lead to Liver Inflammation and Damage

Your liver plays an important role in food digestion, and processing and distribution of nutrients. You need a healthy liver for survival. Although your liver has the potential to regenerate itself post a damage, recurrent or long-lasting injury can lead to the formation of scar tissue. This scarring of the liver can cause cirrhosis, a condition which disrupts the normal functioning of the liver. Liver …

Skin Cancer – Risk Factors and Protective Measures

People love going out and enjoying the sun, especially in the winter. However, research says that the number of incidences of skin cancer is increasing. In particular, the melanoma type of skin cancer has increased a lot among young women. Latest studies show that those who often use indoor tanning beds have a 74 percent increased risk of developing skin cancers, including melanoma. VIA Tanning …

Eating Mushrooms Replenishes The Anti-Aging Antioxidants in Your Body

A team of Penn State scientists have found that mushrooms have extraordinarily high quantities of two antioxidants which can help in fighting aging and boosting good health. The findings of this research has been published recently in the journal Food Chemistry. VIA In their study, the scientists detected high quantities of glutathione and ergothioneine- two vital antioxidants, in mushrooms. Previous studies have found that both …

The Way Rabies Virus Works at the Molecular Level

Rabies is a viral disease which is transmitted from animals to humans through bites or scratches. The infected host becomes aggressive owing to the ability of the virus to alter behavior. VIA When rabies virus gets into a host, it attacks the central nervous system. In humans, it results in a variety of symptoms such as confusion, anxiety, agitation, hallucination, partial paralysis, and in its …

A Casual Mechanism that Associates Cesarean Born Kids with Obesity

A new study published in the Science Advances journal has found a casual mechanism that explains why cesarean deliveries are likely to result in obesity in the progenies. Introduction Cesarean deliveries are often performed to save the life of the mother or the baby. These may also be recommended for other medical reasons. Sometimes, the mothers go for an elective surgery. So, there has been …

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Helps Patients to Cope with Chronic Pain

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a psycho-social interventional practice, is used for improving mental health. Initially, it was used for eating disorders, but now a range of issues including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety, depression, and anger problems are dealt using it. VIA An article published by Wolters Kluwer in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice talks of how CBT is a priceless …

HPV Vaccination Offers Long Term Protection Against The Most Virulent Strains of the Virus

Researchers have reported in the Pediatrics journal that boys and girls who received the HPV vaccine enjoy its long term protection against the most virulent strains of the virus. Their conclusions are based on decade of data. These findings have led them to recommend more widespread and early administration of the HPV vaccine even before the exposure of adolescents and preadolescences to the virus. VIA …

Tips to Avoid the Harmful Effects of the Sun on Your Skin

Medical science says that over 90% of skin cancers are due to sun exposure. It is true that exposure to sun’s UV light causes premature skin aging, sunburn, skin cancer and skin damage. Skin cancer and skin damage risk are associated with the number of sunburns an individual experiences during his or her life time. Physical characteristics such as freckles, blond or red hair, green …

Seniors with Hypertension Should Aim for Lower Blood Pressure than the Commonly Recommended Level

One of the major public health issues is hypertension, which is high blood pressure. One in every three American adults, and three in every four in the above- 75- age- group are affected by it. Although it produces no symptoms, it is a main risk factor for serious health issues including cognitive function decline, chronic kidney disease, heart failure, and heart attack. businessdayonline Blood pressure …

Smog’S Effect On Your Respiratory System – The Molecular Pathway

Depending on its location in the earth’s atmosphere, ozone plays two contrasting roles. When it is in the stratosphere (upper atmosphere), it acts as a protective layer that prevents the entry of UV rays into the troposphere (lower atmosphere). And when it is present in the troposphere, it is a product of photo chemical smog, which acts as an air pollutant which has harmful health …

Editing Human Genes in Embryos to Correct Inherited Diseases

For many years now, scientific advancements are capable of altering genetic material in a cell by utilizing a technique called CRISPR. Our genome comprises of DNA. These DNAs are made up of long sequences of base pairs. Each base is represented by one of the four letters- A, T, G and C (Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine respectively). These genetic alphabets sequence in a particular …

Dissolvable Microarray Patch – A Pain-free Alternative to Flu Injection

Statistics say that every year thousands die in the U.S. due to flu and its complications. A yearly flu vaccine is the most effective method to protect oneself against the disease. However, not everyone gets vaccinated. In the year 2015-2016, approximately only 42% of adults and 59% of children received their flu vaccine. Scientists have been working on developing different painless technologies like nasal sprays …

Immunotherapy: Mapping Genes to Better Precision Oncology Care.

Immunotherapy is the new treatment for cancer where the body’s own immune system is used to help in fighting the cancer cells. Immunotherapy works either by making the immune system fight harder or in a smarter way to overcome the cancer cells or specifically, by aiding the immune system with added components, like man-made proteins for the immune system. source This therapy works mainly in …

A New Brain Network that Works Only for Social Interactions

We would do anything to know what is going on in the other person’s mind, to know what others are thinking. To a certain extent, we are able to deduce what the person opposite to us is thinking and we frame our responses and interactions with them accordingly. These understandings and interpretations of, thoughts and interactions, is necessary for the functioning and maintenance of social …